In addition to eyeglasses, Manzo Eye Care’s optometrists are also equipped to prescribe contact lenses. Many of our patients are curious about the differences between a medical eye exam for those patients who have or are considering contact lenses compared to those who do not have them and are not considering them. These exams are not the same; in fact, there are many fundamental differences between the two that you should consider before scheduling your appointment with your eye doctor. Patients can learn more about the differences between the two exams by calling Manzo Eye Care in Royal Oak, MI today. A routine eye exam has a primary purpose of detecting any vision problems, eye diseases and other general eye health issues. This exam should be performed by your optometrist once every one-to-three years to uncover problems with your eye health, even problems of which you may not yet be aware. Manzo Eye Care performs dilated eye exams enabling our physicians to optimally visualize all components of a patient’s eye. During the exam, the doctor will employ a variety of tests and procedures to thoroughly examine your eyes. You will be asked to read an eye chart. Following this, a retinoscopy will be done. During the retinoscopy, the lights will be dimmed and you’ll be asked to focus your eyes on a specific target in the room. Your eye doctor will then shine a light into your eye while different lenses are flipped in the machine in front of your eyes. One of the ways the doctor will be able to determine your prescription is by analyzing the manner in which the light bounces off your eyes. The next step of the exam is the refraction. This test allows your eye care professional to determine the exact level of augmentation your vision requires. As you look through the machine, the optometrist will ask you to decide which choices are clearer to you. This part of the exam helps the doctor determine whether you are nearsighted, farsighted, have astigmatism and/or presbyopia. The final portion of the exam is a slit-lamp examination, where a specialized instrument allows your eye care professional to examine the health of your eyes using a magnifying machine that dramatically enhances not only the entire structure of your eye, but everything inside the eye as well. Your optometrist will be looking for any abnormalities that may indicate disease or infection. The first portion of the eye exam is the same as a routine eye exam; you will be asked by your optometrist to read from a visual chart, a refraction will be performed and the doctor will utilize a number of other eye tests to gauge the healthiness of your eye. Once this portion is complete, your eye care professional will ask you a series of questions related to your preferences for contact lenses. These questions may include how often you want to dispose of your contacts, whether or not you prefer colored lenses, as well as other lifestyle-oriented questions. Most patients who wish to receive contact lenses or are getting an updated prescription for their lenses will have at least two office visits. While those patients who only wear glasses or do not require any eyewear at all only need to visit their optometrist once every few years, patients with contact lenses should be evaluated every year.