A routine eye exam has the primary purpose of detecting any vision problems, eye diseases and other general eye health issues. Patients should have an exam once every one-to-three years to uncover any problems with your eye health, even problems that may not show symptoms. While performing the exam, the doctor will employ a variety of tests and procedures to thoroughly examine your eyes. You may be familiar with most of these tests, the most well-known being the eye chart that you will be asked to read. After you have read the eye chart with both eyes uncovered, then one covered, followed by the other, a retinoscopy will be performed. You will receive a slitlamp microscopic examination of the front half of the eye looking for diseases such as inflammation & cataracts followed by an evaluation of the optic nerve & retina looking for affects from diseases such as Glaucoma, Macular Degeneration, Diabetes, and circulation problems including high blood pressure, among other items. Contact lens exams differ very little in the beginning, but after the routine part of the exam is over, the eye doctor will conduct a series of tests and measurements. The tests are conducted to ensure you are an ideal candidate for contact lenses and that wearing them will not affect your eye health. Once you have passed these tests, your eye will be measured for the right size contact lenses. Dry eye syndrome is a disorder affecting the ability of the eyes to properly lubricate and is experienced by many patients of Manzo Eye Care. Symptoms of dry eye include pain, light sensitivity, a gritty sensation, a feeling of having a foreign body or sand in the eye, itching, redness and blurred vision. Manzo Eye Care of Royal Oak, MI is fully equipped to diagnose and treat dry eyes. Glaucoma is the result of irreversible damage to the optic nerve. The damage typically stems from amplified pressure in the eye and can lead to blindness. The most common form of glaucoma is open-angle glaucoma. This type of glaucoma generally occurs in middle-aged individuals and seems to have a genetic element. In this type of glaucoma, vision loss steadily occurs with one eye worse than the other. Other types of glaucoma are closed-angle glaucoma (a medical emergency) and congenital glaucoma (present at birth). Secondary glaucoma is usually related to another eye disease or disorder, such as a very mature cataract, uveitis, bleeding, eye tumor or an eye injury. If you are concerned about glaucoma, call Manzo Eye Care as soon as possible. Some eye problems are slight and short-lived, but it’s important to get medical attention as soon as possible, especially since without treatment, some may lead to a permanent loss of vision. Manzo Eye Care addresses common eye problems and diseases including: cataracts (clouded lenses); glaucoma (damage to the optic nerve from too much pressure in the eye); retinal disorders (problems with the nerve layer at the back of the eye); and conjunctivitis (an infection also known as “pink eye”). Your greatest protection is to get regular check-ups at Manzo Eye Care, because eye diseases sometimes do not show symptoms. This is how early detection and treatment could prevent vision loss. Two more conditions that Manzo Eye Care treats regularly are floaters and flashers. Floaters consist of cellular debris that can appear as streaks, strings, clouds, dots, bugs, dust or spider webs within the jelly-like fluid that fills the inside of the eye. Even though these objects appear to be in front of the eye, they are actually floating in this fluid and casting a shadow on the retina. Even though floaters are usually nothing to worry about, we recommend you contact Manzo Eye Care within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms, as floaters could also signify a serious eye disease such as retinal detachment. Flashers can appear as a sparkle, disco lights, fireflies, lightning, fireworks or sparks. Flashers are produced by any abnormal stimulus to the retina. Flashers are a common occurrence as people age and typically are not reasons for extreme concern. However, if you experience a considerable increase of new floaters, along with light flashes and partial loss of peripheral vision, it is important to see an eye doctor at Manzo Eye Care as soon as possible in order to evaluate whether a torn retina or retina detachment is to blame. An eye doctor should be seen when any abrupt onset of an abundance of light flashes occur. Diabetic retinopathy is a common symptom of diabetes, resulting in poor vision and even blindness in some extreme cases. Diabetic retinopathy often shows no symptoms until it starts to affect your vision. Routine eye exams with an eye doctor at Manzo Eye Care can detect the early warning signs of diabetic retinopathy early enough to treat it and avert vision loss. Cataracts occur when there is a build-up of protein in the lens, causing your vision to become cloudy. The different types of cataracts include: age-related cataracts, congenital cataracts, secondary cataracts, and Traumatic cataracts. Other reasons that cataracts develop include consistent exposure to cigarette smoke, air pollution and heavy alcohol consumption. Manzo Eye Care in Royal Oak treats all patients, young and old. Our eye care experts offer eye exams for children and expert diagnosis on pediatric eye health issues. Manzo Eye Care also offers a complete kid’s package for eye wear that include transitions lenses. It is important to begin routine eye exams as soon as possible to make sure your child’s vision and eye health is within normal range.